All tyres sold in the European Union are subject to mandatory tyre labelling. The EU Tyre Label provides clear information on the environmental and safety characteristics of a tyre based on three central criteria: fuel efficiency, wet braking and noise levels. Understanding these symbols on the tyre label helps drivers to make critical decisions about greater road safety, reduced pollution and increased fuel economy.
Your tyres rotate as you drive down a road, flexing towards and away from the surface of the road; this leads to a loss of energy. The amount of energy lost correlates with the rolling resistance of the tyre.
Tyres that have a low rolling resistance are the most energy efficient. That means less power – and therefore less fuel – is required to move the vehicle.
Since tyres can account for between 20% and 30% of a vehicle’s fuel consumption, choosing new tyres that are energy efficient will result in direct fuel cost savings.
The tyre labelling features easy-to-understand pictograms that provide information on the following three essential aspects of a tyre’s performance.
Critical for driving safety is secure grip in wet conditions. The wet grip rating indicates how well the tyre will perform in wet conditions, with performance graded between class A and class G (although D and G are not currently in use). In general, the EU label assumes a speed of 50 mph. Braking at this speed, a class A tyre will come to a stop in wet conditions after 28 metres. By comparison, a class F tyre requires 46.5 metres to come to a stop, giving a difference of more than 18 metres. From a safety point of view, it makes sense to opt for a higher-class tyre.
Depending on the tyre’s rolling resistance, its fuel efficiency will range from class A (denoting the best fuel economy) all the way through to class G (delivering the worst fuel economy). Between classes, fuel consumption increases by approximately 0.1 litre for every 60 miles driven.
Noise level is the external rolling noise generated by the tyre, measured in decibels. The number of filled sound waves on the label equates to the noise level of the tyres. A single sound wave means that the tyre has the lowest noise level, between 67 and 71 dB. The highest level is represented by three sound waves, which is between 72 and 76 dB.
Choosing energy-efficient tyres will lower your fuel costs. For example, switching from class G tyres to class A tyres can improve fuel consumption by as much as 9 per cent.
Let’s imagine that your car has a fuel consumption rate of 8 litres per 100 km, and you cover 65,000 km on one set of tyres from new. Using class A tyres amounts to a fuel saving of up to 440 litres over their lifetime. If the fuel price is £1.50 per litre, you could potentially save up to £660 over the lifetime of the tyres.
Just keep in mind that the additional purchasing costs of energy-efficient tyres may be outweighed by the fuel cost savings, resulting in total overall savings over time.
Actual fuel efficiency and road safety depend significantly on the behavior of the motorist. In particular, consider the following factors:
Continental welcomes the introduction of the European Tyre Label and the improvement of tyre information for consumers at the point of sale.
Since its introduction in November 2012, the label has raised consumer awareness of the fuel efficiency, safety properties, and noise levels of new tyres.
Between each class, the difference in fuel consumption for every 60 miles driven will vary by around 0.1 litre, and the braking distance required on a wet road at 50 mph will increase or decrease by up to 6 metres.
Tyre tests conducted by car magazines will continue to be an essential source of information for motorists, because they test up to 11 product properties in addition to the three criteria shown on the label that are relevant to safety.
Tyre performance criteria that are essential in winter, for example, aren’t present on the label. We would urge consumers to consult alternative published sources – such as tyre tests, retailer advice, manufacturer materials, etc. – when purchasing winter tyres.
For further information on the EU Tyre Label, visit the official EU Commission website.